Handbook for Early Career Success


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Next section: Insights. Key Findings Findings on changing demographics Research found the academic workforce in New Zealand universities was noticeable for its diversity and for some gaps that need filling. More than half of the early career academic workforce in New Zealand universities were born overseas and of those not born in New Zealand, 71 percent had been here for fewer than 10 years. More women than men were early career academics, but men were over-represented in permanent, fulltime roles and at the higher level of senior lecturer.

More than a third of early career academics were 40 years of age or over, coming into academia from other careers, with life and work experience.

Handbook for Early Career Success

More women than men shouldered the burden of primary childcare responsibility, alongside their academic duties, and this affected their research output and confidence. Findings on factors affecting success Academic success was summarised as: research productivity defined by number of outputs ; overall satisfaction with the academic career; and high levels of confidence in teaching and research. Findings on research productivity The research identified factors that positively influenced research output. They included being an active supervisor; involvement in societies; attendance at international conferences; having a doctoral degree; publishing; university committee experience; teaching especially lecturing ; and having a teaching qualification.

Findings on career satisfaction The research identified factors that positively influenced satisfaction. They included lecturing experience; fulltime employment; access to effective resources, services, professional development and training, and strong departmental support. Findings on teaching and researching confidence The research found teaching confidence influenced the ability to gain teaching experience and get involved in an academic discipline.

Teaching confidence also impacted on the ability to cope with a high teaching workload, and getting fulltime employment. Research confidence, on the other hand, was affected negatively by a high teaching workload. It was influence positively by publishing and gaining teaching experience. Next section: Outputs.

Report Success in Academia?

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The Oxford English Dictionary defines the word "career" as a person 's "course or progress through life or a distinct portion of life ". This definition relates "career" to a range of aspects of an individual's life, learning and work. A third way in which the term "career" is used describes an occupation or a profession that usually involves special training or formal education,; [1] considered [ by whom?

A career has been defined by organizational behavior researchers as "an individual's work-related and other relevant experiences, both inside and outside of organizations, that form a unique pattern over the individual's life span. The word "career" ultimately derives from Latin carrus , referring to a chariot. For a pre-modernist notion of "career", compare cursus honorum. By the late 20th century, a wide range of variations especially in the range of potential professions and more widespread education had allowed it to become possible to plan or design a career: In this respect the careers of the career counselor and of the career advisor have grown up.

Thus, professional identities have become hyphenated or hybridized to reflect this shift in work ethic. Economist Richard Florida notes this trend generally and more specifically among the " creative class ".

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Career management or career development describes the active and purposeful management of a career by an individual. Ideas of what comprise "career management skills" are described by the Blueprint model in the United States, Canada, Australia, Scotland, and England [6] [7] and the Seven C's of Digital Career Literacy specifically relating to the Internet skills.

Key skills include the ability to reflect on one's current career, research the labour market , determine whether education is necessary, find openings, and make career changes. According to Behling and others, an individual's decision to join a firm may depend on any of the three factors viz. These theories assume that candidates have a free choice of employers and careers. In reality, the scarcity of jobs and strong competition for desirable jobs severely skews the decision-making process.

In many markets, employees work particular careers simply because they were forced to accept whatever work was available to them. Additionally, Ott-Holland and colleagues found that culture can have a major influence on career choice, depending on the type of culture. When choosing a career that's best for you, according to US News, there are multiple things to consider. Some of those include: natural talents, work style, social interaction, work-life balance, whether or not you are looking to give back, whether you are comfortable in the public eye, dealing with stress or not, and finally, how much money you want to make.

If choosing a career feels like too much pressure, here's another option: pick a path that feels right today by making the best decision you can, and know that you can change your mind in the future. In today's workplace, choosing a career doesn't necessarily mean you have to stick with that line of work for your entire life. Make a smart decision, and plan to re-evaluate down the line based on your long-term objectives. Changing occupation is an important aspect of career and career management. Over a lifetime, both the individual and the labour market will change; it is to be expected that many people will change occupations during their lives.

Data collected by the U. Bureau of Labor Statistics through the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth in showed that individuals between the ages of 18 and 38 will hold more than 10 jobs. There are various reasons why people might want to change their careers. Sometimes career change can come as the result of a long-anticipated layoff, while other times it can occur unexpectedly and without warning.

A survey conducted by Right Management [14] suggests the following reasons for career changing. According to an article on Time. Career success is a term used frequently in academic and popular writing about career. It refers to the extent and ways in which an individual can be described as successful in his or her working life so far. Individuals moved up the organization's hierarchy seeking greater extrinsic rewards. Earnings can be expressed either in absolute terms e.

Earnings and status are examples of objective criteria of success, where "objective" means that they can be factually verified, and are not purely a matter of opinion. Many observers argue that careers are less predictable than they once were, due to the fast pace of economic and technological change.

This has put more emphasis on subjective criteria of career success.

Success in academia? The experiences of early career academics in New Zealand » Ako Aotearoa

A person's assessment of his or her career success is likely to be influenced by social comparisons , such as how well family members, friends, or contemporaries at school or college have done. The amount and type of career success a person achieves is affected by several forms of career capital. There are a range of different educational, counseling, and human resource management interventions that can support individuals to develop and manage their careers.


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Career support is commonly offered while people are in education, when they are transitioning to the labour market, when they are changing career, during periods of unemployment, and during transition to retirement. Support may be offered by career professionals, other professionals or by non-professionals such as family and friends.

Professional career support is sometimes known as "career guidance" as in the OECD definition of career guidance:. The activities may take place on an individual or group basis, and may be face-to-face or at a distance including helplines and web-based services. They include career information provision in print, ICT-based and other forms , assessment and self-assessment tools, counselling interviews, career education programmes to help individuals develop their self-awareness, opportunity awareness, and career management skills , taster programmes to sample options before choosing them , work search programmes, and transition services.

However this use of the term "career guidance" can be confusing as the term is also commonly used to describe the activities of career counselors. Career support is offered by a range of different mechanisms. Much career support is informal and provided through personal networks or existing relationships such as management. There is a market for private career support however the bulk of career support that exists as a professionalised activity is provided by the public sector. Some research shows adding one year of schooling beyond high school creates an increase of wages However, additional years of schooling, beyond 9 or 10 years, have little effect on worker's wages.

In summary, better educated, bigger benefits. The common problem that people may encounter when trying to achieve an education for a career is the cost.

Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success
Handbook for Early Career Success Handbook for Early Career Success

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